Restrictions on immigration have always been and continues to be an issue to this day. Race, gender, and class all play a role in the labor market. U.S. governmental policies and agencies have created restrictions on immigration for centuries. Deirdre Moloney goes into specifics of why there was such an opposition of immigrants especially in regards to labor. Issues with the hiring of illegal immigrants for lower wages not only impacts the demand for labor but also impacts the economy. Deportation was the answer to this problem, and the government had a focus on fixing it. Moloney notes the difference between exclusion and deportation and how the two issues can be confused when dealing with immigration policies. The policies that have been made represent the racial insecurities that people hold and are what is influencing laws even today.